Afcon 2019: Egypt Political Unease Threaten Tournament

The Afcon 2019 tournament - snatched from Cameroon, arrives in Egypt at a time of political unease after years of turmoil following a revolution and the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak in 2011. 

Egypt’s streets have been marred by deadly violence in the years since and it has sometimes spilled over onto the soccer field.

In 2012, more than 70 fans were killed in a riot at a game in the northern city of Port Said, one of world soccer’s worst riots. Port Said has been put forward by Egyptian organisers as a venue.

Still, African soccer leaders decided that Egypt was the best choice, with doubts over whether the competing bid from South Africa, the 2010 World Cup host, had any government approval or financial backing.

Also, CAF is based in Cairo, giving the Egyptian bid a logistical advantage. Cameroon was stripped of hosting rights late last year because of poor preparations and its own political problems.

It involved long-running violent clashes between separatist rebels and government forces in the western parts of the country and close to two of the planned tournament host cities. 
Mohamed Salah 

It was the fourth straight African Cup of Nations to be switched from its initial host country, with CAF also having to find new venues for its top tournament and money-earner in 2013, 2015, and 2017. All of those switches were for political reasons.

Egypt and South Africa were the only two countries to submit bids to replace Cameroon in a new, rushed hosting process for 2019. 

Egypt, which last hosted the African championship in 2006, was chosen in a vote of the CAF executive committee initially scheduled for Wednesday but brought forward 24 hours. Egypt won overwhelmingly, by 16 votes to one with one abstention.

The Egypt team is a record seven-time African Cup champion but its soccer slumped dramatically in the wake of the political turmoil following the ouster of Mubarak.

After winning three titles in a row in 2006, 2008 and 2010, Egypt failed to even qualify for the African Cup in 2012, 2013 and 2015. The Egyptian team returned in 2017 and with Salah in its ranks made a surprising run to the final before losing to Cameroon.

Egypt has hosted the African Cup four times and won three of those tournaments, making Salah’s team an early favorite to win this year.

But it’s unclear how the tournament will be greeted in Egypt. Egyptians are fiercely loyal followers of their national team, and Salah is worshiped as a national hero, but soccer fans have long been associated with fierce protests against the political leadership.

Three years after the Port Said crisis, 22 fans were killed in a stampede that was sparked when police fired tear gas at fans at a military-owned stadium in Cairo. 

Hundreds of soccer fans have been arrested in recent years as they took part in anti-government protests, including one in 2013 that torched the headquarters of the Egyptian soccer federation and vandalized a police social club. There have been other protests marking the anniversary of the 2012 Port Said tragedy.

At the height of the political crisis, fans were banned from attending any games in Egypt as the government recognized the threat they posed when they gathered in numbers. That ban has generally been lifted.

Current Egypt President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, a former army general who took power in 2014, supported the African Cup bid in an attempt to show his country is now safe and stable.

“The political leadership offered its full support to host the AFCON (African Cup of Nations),” sports minister Ashraf Sobhi said on Tuesday in a statement.

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